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Wednesday, February 13 • 1:00pm - 2:30pm
Listening and Spoken Language Options for Students Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Implications for Administrators and School Leaders

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California’s 14,000 students, who have been identified with hearing loss, make up only 0.2 percent of the entire student population. Yet, it is estimated that more is spent on them per pupil than any other category of students, approximately $400 million annually. More and more students who are D/deaf or hard of hearing are now included in general education settings for all or part of their school day. Listening and spoken language (LSL) is the instructional approach used in California more than American Sign Language (ASL) or Total Communication (TC). School districts and programs throughout the state, which provide support services to these students, are struggling to locate therapists, teachers of the deaf, and interpreters to meet the needs of this population. The shortage is particularly acute in districts serving low-income, minority students where individuals are placed on “permits” when a fully credentialed D/HH teacher cannot be found. The goal of this presentation is to share information about LSL approaches with administrators: Auditory-Verbal (AVT); Auditory/LSL (AVEd); and Cued Speech. These terms or approaches are not included in the current or new California D/HH credential standards or new TPEs. Information about additional requirements beyond the credential will be presented.



Maura Martindale, Ed.D.

Associate Professor of Special Education, California Lutheran University

Wednesday February 13, 2019 1:00pm - 2:30pm PST
Orange County 4